what to see / Ugab Vingerklip

Ugab Vingerklip The Rock Finger or Vingerklip (Afrikaans) makes for an impressive sight as you approach. This 35 meter high conglomerate monolith balances somewhat precariously on the top of a conical shaped debris mound. Following the final breakup of the continent of Gondwana the western areas of Southern Africa were slowly pushed upwards increasing the gradient between the hinterland and the new sea level. For a period of about 20 million years the Ugab became a fast flowing and powerful river that cut its way through the Damara Mountains. The river carried with it the erosion debris of the earlier rock systems – gneiss, limestone, marble, schist and quartzite along with sand and silt. Eventually and over an extended time period a rise in the sea level and climate change saw the flow of the Ugab reduce to a level where the flow rate of the river was not sufficient to wash away its own debris. Over a period of millions of years the wide river bed began to fill with... read more  Read More